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Brodmann Areas

Based on Thompson and Thompson (2015) for BCIA Neurofeedback Certification

Colored Brodmann map.jpg

Human Brodmann Areas

The German anatomist Korbinian Brodmann produced cytoarchitectural maps of the cerebral cortex using Nissl staining, which outlines cell bodies. Brodmann divided the neocortex into 47 different numbered zones, each with its distinctive anatomy. Graphic © 2008 Sinauer. 

Areas 3, 1, 2: 
Primary somatosensory cortex
Area 4: Primary motor cortex
Area 5: Somatosensory association cortex
Area 6: supplementary motor cortex and premotor cortex
Area 7: Somatosensory association cortex
Area 8: Frontal eye fields
Area 9 and 46: Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)
Area 10: Anterior prefrontal cortex
Areas 11 and 12: Orbitofrontal cortex
Areas 13 and 16: Insular cortex
Area 17: Primary visual cortex (V1)
Area 18: Secondary visual cortex (V2)
Area 19: Associative visual cortex (V3, V4, V5)
Area 20: Inferior temporal gyrus
Area 21: Middle temporal gyrus
Area 22: Superior temporal gyrus, including Wernicke's area
Area 23: Ventral posterior cingulate cortex
Area 24: Ventral anterior cingulate cortex
Area 25: Subgenual region of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex
Area 26: Ectosplenial region of the retrosplenial cerebral cortex
Area 27: Pyriform cortex
Area 28: Ventral entorhinal cortex
Area 29: Retrosplenial cingulate cortex
Area 30: Cingulate cortex
Area 31: Dorsal posterior cingulate cortex
Area 32: Dorsal anterior cingulate cortex
Area 33: Anterior cingulate cortex
Area 34: Dorsal entorhinal cortex
Areas 35 and 36: Perirhinal cortex
Area 37: Fusiform gyrus
Area 38: Temporopolar area
Area 39: Angular gyrus
Area 40: Supramarginal gyrus
Areas 41 and 42: Auditory cortex
Area 43: Primary gustatory cortex
Area 44: Pars opercularis (inferior temporal gyrus and part of Broca's area)
Area 45: Pars triangularis (inferior temporal gyrus and part of Broca's area)
Area 46: Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)
Area 47: Pars orbitalis (part of inferior frontal gyrus)
Area 48: Retrosubicular area (small area of the medial temporal lobe)
Area 52: Parainsular area (junction of the temporal lobe and insula)

Researchers have revised the Brodmann maps and correlated areas with their functions. The Brodmann maps below were contributed by Mark Dow, Research Assistant at the Brain Development Lab, the University of Oregon to Wikimedia Commons.

Brodmann areas 3D.jpg


Thompson, M., & Thompson, L. (2015). The biofeedback book: An introduction to basic concepts in applied psychophysiology (2nd ed.). Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback.

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